The Immeasurable and Comforting Power of Predestination

I had reason recently to look briefly into the life of Guido de Brès, the author of the Belgic Confession. De Brès was a Walloon minister (Walloon is a French dialect spoken in a small region of Belgium) who was martyred by the Roman state/church.  According to Wikipedia:

In 1565 De Bres was arrested for his Calvinist beliefs. He was tried before the Spanish Inquisition, received the death penalty and was hanged at Valenciennes. He died a martyr’s death in front of a large crowd after making a final statement of his beliefs. He was pushed off the scaffold by the hangman whilst addressing the crowd. Twelve days before his death he wrote a still-circulating letter to his wife showing his trust in God.

I found the above mention letter from De Brès to his wife and thought I would reprint it here. While there are a number of passages that stand out I thought this one was exemplary:

I pray you, my dearly beloved, to console yourself with meditation on these things. Consider the honour that God has done you, in giving you a husband who was not only a minister of the Son of God, but so esteemed of God that he allowed him to have the crown of martyrs. It is an honour the like of which God has never even given to the angels.

What a privilege.

De Brès wrote this letter to his wife on April 12, 1567. He was hung on May 31, 1567.
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Letter of Comfort from Guido de Brès to His Wife

The grace and mercy of our good God and heavenly Father, and the love of His Son, our Saviour Jesus Christ, be with you, my dearly beloved.

Catherine Ramon, my dear and beloved wife and sister in our Lord Jesus Christ: your anguish and sadness disturbs somewhat my joy and the happiness of my heart, so I am writing this for the consolation of both of us, and especially for your consolation, since you have always loved me with an ardent affection, and because it pleases the Lord to separate us from each other. I feel your sorrow over this separation more keenly than mine. I pray you not to be troubled too much over this, for fear of offending God. You knew when you married me that you were taking a mortal husband, who was uncertain of life, and yet it has pleased God to permit us to live together for seven years, giving us five children. If the Lord had wished us to live together longer, he would have provided the way. But it did not please him to do this and may his will be done.

Now remember that I did not fall into the hands of my enemies by mere chance, but through the providence of my God who controls and governs all things, the least as well as the greatest. This is shown by the words of Christ, “Be not afraid. Your very hairs are numbered. Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? And not one of them shall fall to the ground without the will of your Father. Then fear nothing. You are more excellent than many sparrows.” These words of divine wisdom say that God knows the number of my hairs. How then can harm come to me without the command and providence of God? It could not happen, unless one should say that God is no longer God. This is why the Prophet says that there is no affliction in the city that the Lord has not willed.

Many saintly persons who were before us consoled themselves in their afflictions and tribulations with this doctrine. Joseph, having been sold by his brothers and taken into Egypt, says, “You did a wicked deed, but God has turned it to your good. God sent me into Egypt before you for your profit.” (Genesis 50). David also experienced this when Shimei cursed him. So too in the case of Job and many others.

And that is why the Evangelists write so carefully of the sufferings and of the death of our Lord Jesus Christ, adding, “And this was done that that which was written of Him might be accomplished.” The same should be said of all the members of Christ.

It is very true that human reason rebels against this doctrine and resists it as much as possible and I have very strongly experienced this myself. When I was arrested, I would say to myself, “So many of us should not have traveled together. We were betrayed by this one or that one. We ought not to have been arrested.” With such thoughts I became overwhelmed, until my spirits were raised by meditation on the providence of God. Then my heart began to feel a great repose. I began then to say, “My God, you have caused me to be born in the time you have ordained. During all the time of my life you have kept me and preserved me from great dangers and you have delivered me from them all – and if at present my hour has come in which I will pass from this life to you, may your will be done. I cannot escape from your hands. And if I could, I would not, since it is happiness for me to conform to your will.” These thoughts made my heart cheerful again.

And I pray you, my dear and faithful companion, to join me in thanking God for what he has done. For he does nothing that is not just and very equitable, and you should believe that it is for my good and for my peace. You have seen and felt my labours, cross, persecutions, and afflictions which I have endured, and have even had a part in them when you accompanied me in my travels during the time of my exile. Now my God has extended his hand to receive me into his blessed kingdom. I shall see it before you and when it shall please the Lord, you will follow me. This separation is not for all time. The Lord will receive you also to join us together again in our head, Jesus Christ.

This is not the place of our habitation – that is in heaven. This is only the place of our journey. That is why we long for our true country, which is heaven. We desire to be received in the home of our Heavenly Father, to see our Brother, Head, and Saviour Jesus Christ, to see the noble company of the patriarchs, prophets, apostles and many thousands of martyrs, into whose company I hope to be received when I have finished the course of my work which I received from my Lord Jesus Christ.

I pray you, my dearly beloved, to console yourself with meditation on these things. Consider the honour that God has done you, in giving you a husband who was not only a minister of the Son of God, but so esteemed of God that he allowed him to have the crown of martyrs. It is an honour the like of which God has never even given to the angels.

I am happy; my heart is light and it lacks nothing in my afflictions. I am so filled with the abundance of the richness of my God that I have enough for me and all those to whom I can speak. So I pray my God that he will continue his kindness to me, his prisoner. The One in whom I have trusted will do it, for I have found by experience that he will never leave those who have trusted in him. I would never have thought that God would have been so kind to such a poor creature as I. I feel the faithfulness of my Lord Jesus Christ.

I am practicing now what I have preached to others. And I must confess that when I preached I would speak about the things I am actually experiencing as a blind man speaks of colour. Since I was taken prisoner I have profited more and learned more than during all the rest of my life. I am in a very good school: the Holy Spirit inspires me continually and teaches me how to use the weapons in this combat. On the other side is Satan, the adversary of all children of God. He is like a boisterous, roaring lion. He constantly surrounds me and seeks to wound me. But he who has said, “Fear not, for I have overcome the world,” makes me victorious. And already I see that the Lord puts Satan under my feet and I feel the power of God perfected in my weakness.

Our Lord permits me on the one hand to feel my weakness and my smallness, that I am but a small vessel on the earth, very fragile, to the end that he would humble me, so that all the glory of the victory may be given to him. On the other hand, he fortifies me and consoles me in an unbelievable way. I have more comfort than the enemies of the gospel. I eat, drink and rest better than they do. I am held in a very strong prison, very bleak, obscure and dark. The prison is known by the obscure name “Brunain.” The air is poor and it stinks. On my feet and hands I have irons, big and heavy. They are a continual hell, hollowing my limbs up to my poor bones. The chief constable comes to look at my irons two or three times a day, fearing that I will escape. There are three guards of forty men before the door of the prison.

I have also the visits of Monsieur de Hamaide. He comes to see me, to console me, and to exhort me to patience, as he says. However, he comes after dinner, after he has wine in the head and a full stomach. You can imagine what these consolations are. He threatens me and says to me that if I would show any intention of escaping he would have me chained by the neck, the body and legs, so that I could not move a finger; and he says many other things in this order. But for all that, my God does not take away his promises, consoling my heart, giving me very much contentment.

Since such things have happened, my dear sister and faithful wife, I implore you to find comfort from the Lord in your afflictions and to place your troubles with him. He is the husband of believing widows and the father of poor orphans. He will never leave you – of that I can assure you. Conduct yourself as a Christian woman, faithful in the fear of God, as you always have been, honouring by your good life and conversation the doctrine of the Son of God, which your husband has preached.

As you have always loved me with great affection, I pray that you will continue this love toward our little children, instructing them in the knowledge of the true God and of his Son Jesus Christ. Be their father and their mother, and take care that they use honestly the little that God has given you. If God does you the favour to permit you to live in widowhood with our children after my death, that will be well. If you cannot, and the means are lacking, then go to some good man, faithful and fearing God. And when I can, I shall write to our friends to watch over you. I think that they will not let you want for anything. Take up your regular routine after the Lord has taken me. You have our daughter Sarah who will soon be grown. She will be your companion and help you in your troubles. She will console you in your tribulations and the Lord will always be with you. Greet our good friends in my name, and let them pray to God for me, that he may give me strength, speech, and the wisdom and ability to uphold the truth of the Son of God to the end and to the last breath of my life.

Farewell, Catherine, my dearly beloved. I pray my God that he will comfort you and give you contentment in his good will. I hope that God has given me the grace to write for your benefit, in such a way that you may be consoled in this poor world. Keep my letter for a remembrance of me. It is badly written, but it is what I am able to do, and not what I wish to do. Commend me to my good mother. I hope to write some consolation to her, if it pleases God. Greet also my good sister. May she take her affliction to God. Grace be with you.

At the prison, April 12, 1567.

Your faithful husband, Guy de Brès, minister of the Word of God at Valenciennes, and presently prisoner for the Son of God at the aforesaid place.

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11 Comments on “The Immeasurable and Comforting Power of Predestination”

  1. LJ Says:

    Still wiping the tears from my eyes. What men God was pleased to give the church at his appointed time. I can only hold my head in shame thinking how I would quail at the threat of the hangman, the stake, or the cross.

    This should be well-circulated, especially amongst those ecumenical types who wish to love up to the RCC. They have never apologized, repented, for the slaughter of Protestants that I know of and, of course, they cannot since the “Church” is infallible.

    LJ

  2. Sean Gerety Says:

    These men were giants in the faith. Makes me feel like an evangelical equivalent of a Lilliputian with a blog.

  3. Monty L. Collier Says:

    Although the Law is a terror, the Gospel truly comforts, and the Gospel and its promises cannot correctly be taught apart from Absolute Predestination. Luther, Calvin, Bucer, Zanchius, and, as we all can see, Guido de Bres knew and taught this powerful truth. Many of our brothers and sisters have died insisting on Justification By Faith Alone. God grant us the strength to insist on Sola Fide, too.
    Thanks for this article, Sean!
    God Bless!

  4. Wes White Says:

    Great post, Sean, I’m going to re-post it on my site.

    Thanks, Wes


  5. […] Sean Gerety posted a letter written by Guido de Brès, the author of the Belgic Confession, to his wife Catherine just […]

  6. Hugh McCann Says:

    Beautiful. The Church does best under persecution.

    Else, we tend to persecute.

    Richard Wurmbrand used to say the saints are like roses.

    When we’re crushed, we should emit a sweet aroma.

  7. NeoNicene Says:

    How does he know he was predestined to salvation in Christ?

  8. Sean Gerety Says:

    I would say it is pretty clear from his letter that in contemplating God’s providence that de Bres came to recognize that his impending martyrdom was God’s will for his life and his family and that this contemplation was the source of what the WCF calls his “infallible” or unshakable assurance of faith, which, also per the Confession, is “founded upon the divine truth of the promises of salvation.”

    I don’t think you can say de Bres “knew” in any epistemic sense, but since I don’t know how fine a point you are trying to put on it (a game opponents of Scripturalist epistemology and Clark in general often like to play), I would leave it as a question of assurance and not knowledge strictly speaking.

  9. NeoNicene Says:

    Dear sir:

    I am a rather new student of Calvinist theology so I am trying to work my way through much of this. My question is, I suppose, that if God has predestined all either unto salvation with Christ or damnation, due not to any foreknowledge of their obedience or disobedience, how then does the martyr have any knowledge that his actions or obedience to God in any way indicate that he will be saved (or has been saved)? ‘Assurance and not knowledge’ seems pretty subjective. Might not the Arian or Docetist heretic have a similar ‘assurance,’ at least psychologically? I need to admit, for the sake of fairness, that I am Eastern Orthodox and so am a ‘synergist’ fully, but I do have an honest interest in Calvinism and have many questions and enjoy your blog. Most importantly, your daughter and her friend are in my prayers. I am thinking of y’all. Kyrie, eleison!

  10. Sean Gerety Says:

    I think the important thing (and difference) is that true assurance is based on objective knowledge of the “divine truth of the promises of salvation,” the Gospel. So while some as you rightly note can be deceived into believing in their own blessed state while running headlong into hell, I would say that the difference between true and false assurance rests on the doctrines that assurance rests on. But you are right, assurance is subjective and even for true believers it can or may be shaken. As for non-Christians the Westminster Confession also states in its chapter on assurance (28):

    Although hypocrites, and other unregenerate men, may vainly deceive themselves with false hopes and carnal presumptions of being in the favour of God and estate of salvation; which hope of theirs shall perish yet such as truly believe in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity, endeavouring to walk in all good conscience before him, may in this life be certainly assured that they are in the state of grace, and may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God; which hope shall never make them ashamed.

    If you are a new student of Calvinism, or more specifically the biblical doctrine of predestination, I could not recommend Gordon Clark’s book on the topic more. It is far and away the best book I have ever read on the subject and is what God used to rip me from my own Arminian stupor. Thank you also for your prayers for my daughter (who turned 16 yesterday). I certainly believe that this is God’s will for my daughter’s life and for me and my family. It certainly wouldn’t have been my will for her life, but His will be done. I honestly don’t know how someone who doesn’t believe in God’s sovereignty over and in all things could possibly go through something like this. FWIW the above de Bres letter was a great source of comfort to me last week when I was in the depth of it and all those woulda, coulda, shoulda thoughts started to creep in.

  11. LJ Says:

    Sean wrote: I honestly don’t know how someone who doesn’t believe in God’s sovereignty over and in all things could possibly go through something like this.

    Me either Sean. And I suspect all who have been schooled in the doctrines of grace would say the same thing. No discipline is pleasant, but when it comes from our loving and sovereign Heavenly Father it always accrues to our benefit, always.

    Still praying for your family.


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